The United Kingdom (UK) consists of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, each of them with distinguished geographies. England is the home of London, a global financial and cultural centre and river Thames, major landmark in the UK. Scotland is a land of Highland mountains, offshore islands of Skye and Lewis, and the legendary Loch Ness monster. Wales is mountainous, but also has miles of beaches and castles at Cardiff, Caernarfon, Caerphilly and Conwy. Northern Ireland is known for its scenic Glens of Antrim and a coastline featuring the Giant’s Causeway, amazing natural formation of hexagonal rock columns.
Edinburgh is the capital and second largest city of Scotland, sitting in the Central Belt of the country. It has an elegant Georgian New Town with gardens and neoclassical houses and medieval Old Town, with Edinburgh Castle, home to the crown jewels of Scotland and the Stone of Destiny used in Scottish rulers’ coronations.