The heart of Florence is the Piazza del Duomo, where you can see the great structures of the ancient center, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, with just one glance. The Basilica of Santa Maria del Fiore, which was begun in 1296 by Arnolfo di Cambio and topped in 1436 by Filippo Brunelleschi’s masterwork, the Dome, overlooks the Piazza.
This arduous and imposing edifice is an icon of Florence from which you may enjoy a fantastic panorama over the city and the cathedral’s interior.
Alongside the façade, Giotto’s Bell Tower soars in its chromatism, while the ancient Baptistery of San Giovanni Battista, a Romanesque treasure embellished with bronze doors by Ghiberti and Andrea Pisano, stands opposite the cathedral.
The Basilica of Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence‘s cathedral, is an Italian Gothic masterpiece distinguished by its coloured marble exterior and the imposing Dome by Filippo Brunelleschi, the cathedral’s designer and the astonishing technology utilized to construct the structure beginning in 1436.
Inside the cathedral, there are several noteworthy works of art, including two detached frescoes depicting the equestrian monuments of the mercenaries John Hawkwood and Niccol da Tolentino, painted by Paolo Uccello in 1436 and Andrea del Castagno in 1456, respectively.
Giotto began work on the bell tower at Santa Maria del Fiore in 1334, but after his death, Andrea Pisano continued the project, which was finished in 1359 by Francesco Talenti, who designed the upper levels’ enormous windows. Its sculptural décor is exceptionally rich, with 56 reliefs in two overlapping registers and 16 life-size sculptures by Florentine masters from the 14th and 15th centuries, including Andrea Pisano, Donatello, and Luca Della Robbia, set in the wall recesses.