Xi`an: cultural and historical center of China
Quick facts about Xi'an
Xi’an is a large city in central China and capital of Shaanxi Province. It is over 2000 year old and it was a capital of many Chinese Empires and the seat of even more Emperors. China’s first emperor, Qin Shi Huang, was buried in outskirts of Xi’an, together with the army of thousands of terracotta warriors, world famous life size sculptures.
Geographically, it is at the historical Silk Road’s eastern end and it was an important trade and cultural center in ancient China.
City center is surrounded by well preserved, massive fortified wall, standing at 12m tall, with walkaways on top and towers and moats. Several landmarks, such as Drum Tower, Bell Tower, Giant Wild Goose Pagoda or Small Wild Goose Pagoda, stand as a reminder of glorious ancient civilization sprawling from this city for centuries.
Main attractions in Xi`an
Terracotta Army. Attraction famous for lifelike sculptures of terracotta warriors built around the 3rd century BC for Emperor Qin Shi Huang burial site. Giant Wild Goose Pagoda. Located in Xi’an, this 7th century built Buddhist pagoda was built to host sacred scriptures. Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor. Located to the west from famous Terracotta Army sculptures, this mausoleum, tomb, and archaeological site is dating back from 3rd century BC.
Huaqing Pool. Besides Terracotta Army, these Imperial hot sprigns and pools of the Tang Dynasty have legend attached to them famous for the romantic love story of Tang Emperor Xuanzong and his concubine Yang Yuhuan. Fortifications of Xi’an. Well-preserved fortified wall with a moat, imposing gates, one of the largest in the world. Offering guided tours, walking, sightseeing with electric cars and biking. Drum Tower of Xi’an. Originally built in 1380 during the reign of Emperor Hongwu of the Ming Dynasty, this impressive building is located in a center of Xi’an and is offering guided tours of the insides together with drum exhibition.
Bell Tower of Xi’an. This is an equivalent of Drum tower, built at similar times (1384), offers historical exhibits and city views. One of the main landmarks of Xi’an. Great Mosque of Xi’an. The largest mosque in China. Built in year 742, it has unique, Chinese style influence with colorful design. Including large garden. Shaanxi History Museum. Lauded as ‘the pearl of ancient dynasties and house of Chinese treasures’, this large museum features thousands of years of Chinese history and art. Exhibits include fossils, murals, pottery and metal artifacts.
Top things to do in Xi`an
Festivals and events in Xi`an
Interesting facts about Xi`an
Best time to fly to Xi`an
The peak season for flights to Xi’an is March, May and July. The low season for purchasing tickets is February, June and November.
Xi’an is served by Xianyang International Airport (SIA). Direct flights to Xi’an are offered by 17 airlines.