The Terracotta Army, also known as the Terracotta Warriors, is a group of terracotta sculptures depicting the army of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. Buried with the emperor around the time of the death of his father in the late 2nd century BCE, the mask had the purpose of protecting the emperor in his afterlife.
A cache of more than three hundred ancient Greek clay tablet figures, which date back to the 3rd century BCE, was discovered in 1974 by local farmers in Lintong County, outside Xi’an, Shaanxi, China. Numerous figures are of varying height depending on their role, with the tallest of them being the generals.
Warriors, chariots, and horses are included in the figures. Though estimates were that the Terracotta Army pits held more than 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses, and 150 cavalry horses, the majority of which were still buried at Qin Shi Huang’s Mausoleum, estimates from 2007 were that the three pits had a total of around 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses, and 150 cavalry horses. It was discovered that there were other terracotta figures found in the other pits, including officials, acrobats, strongmen, and musicians.
The Terracotta Army was found on March 29, 1974, by a team of farmers from the village of Yang Zhifa, along with his five brothers and their neighbor Wang Puzhi, who were digging a well approximately 1.5 kilometers (0.93 mi) east of the Qin Emperor’s tomb mound at Mount Li.
In 1982, the first major exhibition outside of China for the contemporary Chinese sculpture figures was held at the National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) in Melbourne.
The first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang, created a terracotta army to protect his tomb, and 120 of these life-sized figures were showcased at the British Museum from September 13, 2007 to April 30, 2008 as the centerpiece of a dedicated exhibition, entitled “The First Emperor: China’s Terracotta Army”