The Lincoln Memorial is a national memorial dedicated to honoring the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln. The western end of the National Mall in Washington, D.C., has the neoclassical Greek Revival form of a temple laid out east-west in the middle of the mall, right across from the Washington Monument. Henry Bacon, the memorial’s architect, was a celebrated early-20th-century architect who also had a notable role in reviving Gothic Revival style in the U.S.
The design of the interior memorial’s large central statue, Abraham Lincoln, was done by the Boston sculptor Daniel Chester French; and the Lincoln statue was carved by the New York City carvers the Piccirilli Brothers. Jules Guerin was the painter of the mural in the dining room. The Memorial is dedicated in May of 1922, and is one of several memorials built to honor an American president. In addition to being a significant tourist destination, it has served as a symbolic center focused on race relations since the 1930s.
The building is in the shape of a Greek Doric temple and has a large seated sculpture of Abraham Lincoln. The sculpture and the inscriptions on the building are significant pieces that pertain to two of Lincoln’s well-known speeches: The Gettysburg Address and his second inaugural address. Since the opening of the Martin Luther King Jr. National Memorial, the site has become the most visited and well-known location for notable speeches, such as Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech, which was delivered on August 28, 1963, during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
As with other national monuments in the National Mall vicinity, such as the nearby Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Korean War Veterans Memorial, and National World War II Memorial, the memorial is administered by the National Park Service and is part of the National Mall and Memorial Parks portfolio. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966, and was ranked seventh on the American Institute of Architects’ list of the top 10 favorite architecture from around the country in 2007. Visitors to the memorial may enter the grounds from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. on weekdays and from 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. on weekends. Every year, more than seven million people visit the memorial.